Monday, 15 October 2012

Referencing guidance

Within your research work, you will need to reference your sources in a bibliography. There's loads of guidance out there which is fairly confusing and contradictory and some of your lecturers are going to get hot under the collar if you get it wrong. If you've got those kind of lecturers and perhaps you're on a degree you may want to ignore this blog and search elsewhere under the heading Harvard Referencing

But if you're on a level 3 course and just starting out we'll be more than happy if you do the following...

As you identify the websites, books and journals you're going to source you research from (Including images) you need to keep a list at the end of your blog entry that lists these. This is referred to as your Bibliography...

Websites (images) Have a brief description of the image and then the HTML link and the date that it was accessed. You could group all of the different types together...

Image- Africanis Dog, Danielle Naude;  26th Jan 2015.

Websites (Written material) Again state the Publisher and the theme, the HTML link and the date it was accessed as below in this example.

Text - The Guardian Danielle Naude article "Africanis". 26th Jan 2015

Books With this start with whether you've used the resource for text or image based reference material. Give a brief description of what was used, then follow with the Title, Author, date of the publication (On the inside page) and the place where the book was published and the publishing group. If you've copied images from the book state at the start whether you've used images or text.

Text - Article about The Bechers, (Page 402). Photography The Whole Story; Juliet Hacking & David Campany; 2012; London; Thames and Hudson.

Magazines/Journals With this start with whether you've used the resource for text or image based reference material. Give a brief description of what was used, then follow with the Title, Author, the page the image was copied from, the magazine title and issue number and date and where the magazine was published. If the magazine is published by a publishing group include that at the end.

Image -  Couple dancing, from series 'Poem' By Charlotte Tanguy (Page 26). British Journal of Photography, Issue 7824 (May 2014). London. BJP.

One of the secrets to blagging references at level 3 is to be consistent in the way that you do it, follow the same approach with every reference. Needless to say, if your lecturer suggests another way, go with their advice.

Quoting Text within your written material This is something we're always asking for and expect you to include in your work. It demonstrates that you're reading the research material and comprehending it and then using it in your written work to support your arguments and points of view. First some guidance about how to use quotes in your work...

  • The quotes should constitute no more than 10% of your written work.
  • They need to be clearly identified and obvious from the main body of text, much in the same way as this list of instructions is by use of indent.
  • Use inverted comma's to indicate the quote, use italics, separate the quote from the main paragraph.
  • Then follow it up with the reference using pretty much similar conventions as above...

In the image here we see that above (1) the text/writing is to the left and then the sentence leads us into the use of the quote. We identify that this is a quote at (2) by first indenting the text to the right slightly and with the additional use of the inverted commas. (3) The main body of the text is slightly smaller and again this is useful as it helps to show that this section is different e.g. a quote. Then finally the quote is referenced at (4). In this instance a website.

This same approach should be used in your blog or any written material. In a blog, especially if you're using Blogger you can create the indent with the use of a bullet point at the start.

Again I have to reiterate this may not be degree level referencing, but for level three this will suffice (Subject to the demands of your course specs and teachers).

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